Withdrawal from the European Union is governed by Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the procedure for a member state`s exit from the Union and introduces a two-year countdown to withdrawal. On 15 November 2018, a day after the agreement was presented and supported by the Cabinet of the British government, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.  Since March, the EU and the UK have continued regular rounds of negotiations, despite the difficulties related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The EU conducts its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences are not yet resolved in some areas. These differences concern, in particular, fair competition, horizontal management of agreements and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have stepped up their negotiations. The clock is ticking, because an agreement must be reached soon to have time to ratify it by the European Parliament.
Ahead of the negotiations, May said the UK government would not want to join the internal market on a long-term basis, would end ecj case law, seek a new trade deal, end the free movement of people and maintain the common travel area with Ireland.  The EU adopted its negotiating directives in May  and appointed Michael Barnier as chief negotiator.  The EU wanted to conduct the negotiations in two phases: first, the UK would accept a financial commitment and lifelong benefits for EU citizens in the UK, and then negotiations on a future relationship could begin.  In the first phase, Member States would require the UK to pay a “divorce bill”, initially estimated at £52 billion.  EU negotiators said an agreement had to be reached between the UK and the EU by October 2018.  The Nuclear Safety Measures Act 2018 on the withdrawal from Euratom was presented to Parliament in October 2017. . . .